Friday, 28 March 2014

Funeral of a Mutiny Veteran 13th April 1916

As reported in the Irish Times, 14th April 1916 :

The funeral took place yesterday, 13th April, at the Military Cemetery, Grangegorman, with military honours furnished by the band and men of the Lancers, of Mutiny veteran ex-Sergeant John Delaney, of the 10th Foot (Lincolnshire Regiment).

He took part in several actions for which he received the Mutiny Medal with clasp for Lucknow.

The Funeral Service was conducted by the Rev Father Nolan, St Kevin's.

The chief mourners were :

Mrs J Delaney (widow)
Sergeant J Delaney ASC and Private Ed Delaney, Lincolnshire Regiment (sons)
Mrs Carney, Mrs Flannery, Mrs Nash and Mrs Clout (daughters)
Company Sergeant Major Nash, Essex Regiment and Sgt Clout, Royal Dublin Fusiliers (sons in law)
Private P Carney Royal Dublin Fusiliers and Rifleman J Murray RIR (nephews)
Scout Leader T Flannery (grandson)
Miss M Flannery and Miss M Carney (granddaughters)
Miss B Carney (niece)

Also present were Mrs John Freeman, Master Dick Freeman and numerous other friends.


Interested to see if it's possible to track down more about John Delaney and his military family.

1901 Census for John Delaney, Army Pensioner

1911 Census for John Delaney, Army Pensioner

Private Ed(ward) Delaney enlisted in the Lincolnshire Regiment 20th August 1908 aged 14/15. He was discharged as a result of wounds 24th December 1917 from 506th Company, Labour Corps. He was awarded the 1914 Star, Victory Medal, British War Medal as well as the Silver War Badge.

John Delaney enlisted in England as T2/016658 on 21st August 1914 with no prior military experience. By 5th October 1914 he had been promoted to Sergeant. Discharged in 1919. Awarded the 1915 Star, Victory Medal and British War Medal.

Sergeant Albert Clout, Royal Dublin Fusiliers, number 11694 survived the war and was awarded the Victory Medal and British War Medal.

Nothing definite re CSM Nash so far.

Margaret Delaney appears to have married Thomas Flannery in 1898. According to the census they had a son Thomas and a daughter Mary which possibly ties in with the Scout Leader and the granddaughter in the mourners. In 1901, Margaret was Roman Catholic; in 1911 she had converted to Protestant.

Flannery Family 1901 Census

Flannery Family 1911 census








Thursday, 27 March 2014

Dr J C Ridgway

Dr J C Ridgway, RAMC, appears to have worked with the wounded in Dublin Castle during the Easter Rising and to have attended to the wounded James Connolly.

He suggests that a telegram was sent by the Prime Minister, Asquith, with a postponement for the execution of Connolly.

Dr J C Ridgway RAMC witness statement

He alludes to having avoided being involved in the execution of prisoners.

Not much other information found about him so far :

1901 Census - Ridgway family

Tempt Lt Joseph Chamney Atkinson Ridgway 14th January 1916


DUOTC Member on Arms and Intelligence gathering

An interesting witness statement from Sean (John Nelson) Beaumont who appears to have been a member of the Dublin University Officer  Training Corps (DUOTC). He appears to have got his brother involved in gathering intelligence from the Auxiliaries (ADRIC) and in an arms gathering operation

Sean Beaumont witness statement

Willie and Sean Beaumont have a short write up in a book called "Michael Collins and the Anglo Irish War : Britain's Counter Insurgency Failure" by J B E Hittle and also in "The Squad and the Intelligence Operations of Michael Collins" by T Ryle Dwyer.

Willie appears to have been openly anti-Sinn Fein originally until his encounter with Blacks and Tans. John/Sean was interested in the Irish language as well as left wing politics and edited a publication called "An t-Eireannach".

1901 Census - Beaumont boys

1911 Census - Beaumont family

Was Willie too young to be commissioned into the Army given the ages on the census?

London Gazette - 2nd Lt William Victor Beaumont commissioned

William Victor Beaumont was awarded the Military Cross :
London Gazette - William Victor Beaumont - For Gallantry

His Medal Index Card shows he started as a Private in the Leinster Regiment, number 2855 before being commissioned. His MIC doesn't list any WW1 campaign medals nor does it mention hi Military Cross.

William appears to have become a police inspector in Jamaica.

Another brother, Henry Foxton Beaumont, served in the British Army during WW1 as a Chaplain. Awarded the 1915 Star, British War Medal and Victory Medal.


Sean Beaumont's wife also submitted a witness statement

Mrs Maureen Beaumont (nee McGavock) witness statement

Wednesday, 26 March 2014

Father James Doyle - Haddington Road, 1916

Nice snippet from the witness statement of Father James Doyle re the wounded members of the GRs (Irish Association of Volunteer Training Corps aka Georgius Rex/Gorgeous Wrecks) being taken to hospital in Baggot St after their ambush on day 1 of the Easter Rising

Father James Doyle witness statement


He makes reference to the death of a soldier called Nolan in the Royal Dublin Fusiliers. The only Nolan appears to have been in the Royal Irish Rifles, number 3/8692 (and he appears to have lived locally)

Rifleman James Nolan

Soldiers Died in the Great War and Ireland's Memorial Records has Private James Nolan has Died rather than Killed in Action or Died of Wounds. Usually this is death by natural causes or illness. He appears on pages 54 of the 1916 Rebellion Handbook under the list of RIR soldiers Killed or Died of Wounds.

He has a Medal Index Card showing the award of the British War Medal and the Victory Medal. No theatre is listed which is odd. As 3rd Battalion was a training unit/depot, not sure if he was entitled to the medals.

Rifleman Mark Bole, number 3/8691, has a Silver War Badge record which shows he enlisted 16th September 1915. James Nolan would have enlisted about the same time.


Tuesday, 25 March 2014

Edward Handley, soldier in Dublin

An interesting witness statement by soldier Edward Handley re his supplying arms to the Irish Citizen Army after 1916

Edward Handley witness statement

Much of this British Army service tallies with the Medal Index Card and Service Record of  8248, Corporal Edward Handley, who enlisted with the 4th Battalion Royal Dublin Fusiliers in October 1904, aged 17years 9months. Re-enlisted in November 1910.

Entered France 9th October 1914. Awarded the 1914 Star, Victory Medal and British War Medal for service during WW1.

Reduced to the ranks (Private) after deserting from 3rd May 1916. Court Martialled 27th June 1916.

Received a Gun Shot Wound to the right thigh in December 1914. Later transferred to the Labour Corps (as number 228123) and discharged in March 1919.

Edward Handley gets a mention in the witness statement of James O'Shea for his supply of arms

James O'Shea witness statement

Cadet J McCaughey : Dublin University Officer Training Corps (DUOTC)

I don't collect militaria etc but acquired a number of buttons that relate to Dublin University Officer Training Corps (DUOTC) as well as an identity bracelet for a DUOTC Cadet J McCaughey dated September 1918.




No McCaughey appears in the list of Defenders of Trinity College in the 1916 Rebellion Handbook.

The Irish Times has a 1917 article relating to students at Trinity College winning some prizes and a James McCaughey is mentioned. Possibly the J McCaughey on the identity bracelet.

A bit more research needed to find out what happened to J McCaughey. As the identity bracelet is dated September 1918, it's unlikely that he entered the Army/Navy/RAF in time to serve at the frontline.

Trinity Alumni
In the 1962 Register of the Alumni of Trinity College, Dublin, Reverend James McCaughey is recorded as an MA graduate (1919) living at The Manse, Howth, Co Dublin.

In the 1965 version of the register, his address is given as 3 Sandringham Drive, Bangor, Co Down. He is at this address in a 1970 phone directory.

A reference to Rev James McCaughey "up to 1962" in the following article :

Year of celebration for Malahide Presbyterians

Monday, 24 March 2014

The Misses Gosling

Buried away of page 107 of my copy of the 1916 Rebellion Handbook in a passage relating to the Kingstown Volunteer Corps is a reference to Miss Baird, Miss Nancy Gosling and Miss Lucy Gosling.

Miss Nancy Gosling gave her services voluntarily as typist to the APM (Assistant Provost Marshal).

Miss Baird and Miss Lucy Gosling acted in  the same office as telephone clerks.

I suspect that Nancy Gosling is Annie Eveline Gosling.

On the basis that the Goslings are named and likely related, I decided to delve in to the records to find out who they were. Miss Baird for a later bit of research.

In the 1901 census the Gosling family appear in Kingstown

Gosling family Kingstown 1901 census

The mother, Lucy Eveline, is a 32 year old widow (army Pensioner) with 4 daughters :

Annie Eveline aged 4 born Fermoy, Co Cork
Nellie Elizabeth aged 3 born England
Kathleen aged 3 born England
Lucy May aged 10 months born Dublin

Their religion is described as Congregationalist which is not something I'm familiar with.

As an army family with a deceased father, it's possible the father was killed during the Boer War. My initial delve in Boer War records came up with Colour Sgt George (Henry) Gosling of the 1st Battalion, Royal Sussex Regiment who died of peritonitis in February 1901. A war memorial gives his middle initial as A rather than H - always a possibility that an H was badly written and became an A.

A search for marriage records for a Lucy Eveline came up with a marriage for Lucy Eveline Copland to George Henry Gosling.

1896 marriage for Lucy Eveline Copland

1896 marriage for George Henry Gosling

A birth record for Lucy Eveline Copland in 1868, gives the father as Thomas Cooke Copland and Annie/Anna  Porteous.

Birth record for Lucy Eveline Copland

Thomas Cooke Copland appears to have originated from Norfolk, worked in the Accounts Department of Public Works, and was in correspondence with Charles Darwin

Thomas Cooke Copland and Charles Darwin

In the 1911 census, the family are in Kingstown minus Annie but with a visitor, cousin Isabella Annie King

Gosling family Kingstown 1911 census

Annie Gosling 1911 census

The mother of Isabella Annie King is Isabella Porteous from Dublin. Possibly the sister of Annie/Anna Porteous given that she lists her relationship to Lucy Eveline as cousin?

Annie Eveline Gosling was appointed a telephonist in the Civil Service in London in 1920

London Gazette for Annie Eveline Gosling

but possibly married in Ireland in 1921

Marriage record for Annie Eveline Gosling

Isabella Annie King's family appear to have settled in West Ham, Essex/London.

A nephew of Isabella Annie King, John Jackson Porteous King, appears to have been conscripted into the Royal Army Medical Corps, number 99575, in 1916.




Thursday, 20 March 2014

Curragh 1914

Paul O'Brien has launched a book re events at the Curragh in 1914 called A Question of Duty. More information from Paul's Facebook page :

A Question of Duty

or the Dublin 1916 Facebook page :

Dublin 1916

RTE have an article and radio interview (link on the page to YouTube) :

RTE article




WW1 Ireland on the BBC

The BBC has put together a series of articles/audio tracks re Ireland and WW1. Particulary interested in the Guinness episode though it doesn't really go into enough detail.

Programmes available at :

BBC World War One at Home

Wednesday, 19 March 2014

U-Boat Alley

A nice article here re U-Boats in the Irish Sea, lightships and some controversial sinkings.

Flanders Flotilla and U-Boat Alley

Of interest are the mine laying maps for Arklow, Dublin and Liverpool coastlines. These are from 1917 when it was becoming harder for U-Boats to operate.

It is strange that no U-Boat operated in this area during the Easter Rising given that re-inforcements from England would have to travel by sea (Liverpool to Kingstown in the case of the Sherwood Foresters for example).


U-Boat SM U-20


The U-20 appears to have been able to set out to sea shortly after the U-19 and to have sunk 6 ships from 30th April 1916:

30th April 1916 : Bakio (no information re casualties)

1st May 1916 : Bernadette (no information re casualties)

2nd May 1916 : Ruabon 0 casualties

3rd May 1916 :  Marie Molinos 0 casualties

6th May 1916 : Galgate 0 casualties

8th May 1916 : Cymric  5 casualties


U-Boat SM U-19

The U-19 was the u-boat that took Sir Roger Casement, Robert Monteith and Daniel Bailey from Germany to Ireland in 1916.

The task was originally given to U-20 but this vessel developed a fault shortly after starting out and had to return to port.

Having dropped Casement, Monteith and Bailey in Ireland, U-19 ventured towards the Bay of Biscay sinking 6 ships before returning to port :

21st April 1916  : Feliciana 0 casualties

22nd April 1916 :  Jozsef Agost Foherzeg 0 casualties

22nd April 1916 : Ross 0 casualties

23rd April 1916 : Parisiana 0 casualties

23rd April 1916 : Ribston 0 casualties

25th April 1916 : Carmanian 2 casualties (some accounts say 3)

New York Times

The King of Norway awards a silver cup to Father Tom Jones for leading the rescue of some of the Carmanian sailors off the coast of Kerry. Money and scrolls awarded to 3 farmers who aided in the rescue. All 4 receive awards from the Carnegie Trust.

The U-45 was operating nearby and sank 4 ships in the period to 2nd May 1916

27th April 1916 : Industry 0 casualties

30th April 1916 : Vinifreda 0 casualties

2nd May 1916 :  Le Pilier 0 casualties

2nd May 1916 :  Maud 0 casualties


The U-67 operated in the area before U-19 and U-45 sinking 3 ships :

16th April 1916 :  Cardonia 0 casualties

20th April 1916 :  Whitgift  32 dead, 1 survivor

22nd April 1916 : Chanaral 0 casualties


The sinking of the Cairngowan is mentioned in Danger Zone by E Keble Chatterton in a chapter on the Easter Rising. This was sunk by U-69 which appears to have been operating in the area off Kerry and to have sunk 8 ships in the period 15th to 20th April 1916.

Tuesday, 18 March 2014

Sherwood Foresters Diary

A copy of the Sherwood Foresters diary covering their formation, involvement in the Easter Rising/Ireland and transfer to France, can be found at :


Sherwood Foresters Diary

The Belgian Coast Barrage

At 5am on the 24th April 1916, work began on the Belgian Coast Barrage, a scheme devised by Vice Admiral Sir Reginald Bacon, commander of the Dover Patrol,  to lay mines and mine nets near the Belgian coast. The aim of the barrage was to interrupt the work of the German naval forces at Zeebrugge etc - German U-Boats based here were causing problems and the surface vessels were a constant threat.

A number of merchant ships were converted to minelayers (Orvieto, Paris, Princess Margaret and Biarritz) supported by small trawlers (Welbeck, Carmania, Osta, Shackleton, Ostrich and Russell) and drifters. About 1421 mines were laid.

On the 25th April, UB13 was caught in one of the first nets and destroyed. It should have been helping the German naval ships involved in the raid on Lowestoft and Great Yarmouth.

The German ships heading to Lowestoft were met in the early hours of the 25th April 1916 by ships from the Harwich Force commanded by Commodore Reginald Tyrwhitt. The Harwich Force was weaker than it should have been - 12 destroyers had been taken away to defend the ships laying mines for the Belgian Coastal Barrage.

The Harwich Force ships HMS Conquest and HMS Penelope suffered damage and casualties in the above encounter.

There were a number of incidents during the laying of the barrage :

- the drifter Clover Bank hit one of the newly laid British mines on the 24th April during the barrage laying operation. 18 dead.

- the drifter Au Fait was shelled and captured. Her crew was taken prisoner and the boat sunk.

- Harwich Force destroyers Milne, Medea, Melpomene and Murray were involved in a fight with 3 German destroyers from Zeebrugge on the 24th April 1916 while they were defending the minelayers and drifters. All four ships suffered damage; Medea lost 2 killed in action and 1 who later died of wounds.

The Belgian Coast Barrage was completed 26th May 1916.

On the 27th May 1916, u-boat UC-3, a mine laying u-boat, was destroyed by a mine off the coast near Zeebrugge. Her 18 crew all died. She had destroyed one ship off the Suffolk coast before her destruction, The Golcanda was destroyed on the 3rd June 1916 by a mine newly laid by UC-3.

In September 1916, work began on the Cross Channel Barrage which would work in a similar manner to the Belgian Coast Barrage.


April 24th 1916 was also the date that German u-boats were ordered to cease unrestricted warfare against merchant ships, a result of pressure from the still neutral USA.


Monday, 17 March 2014

Irish Army Vehicles

Just arrived in the post - "Irish Army Vehicles - Transport and Armour since 1922" by Karl Martin.

Some really nice photos of a wide range of vehicles used by the National Army, Free State Army and so on. Lots of data to work through too (and yet another book to source - "Irish Army Armoured Cars" by Karl Martin)


Young Cassidy 1965

One of the problems with films that depict an historical event is that images start appearing from the film and people purporting the images to be from the actual event.

The following picture from Getty Images library appeared in the 2006 Easter Rising supplement for the Irish Times but is actually a photo taken during filming of an Easter Rising scene in the 1965 film Young Cassidy, starring Rod Taylor :

Young Cassidy - Getty Images

The big giveaway is the registration number of the car in the barricade (a 1950's car from Co Kilkenny) and the helmets on a couple of soldiers. Is that a cameraman sitting cross legged in the middle of the street with the Volunteers? The crowd of on lookers at the end of the street would be in danger if those were real bullets flying around.

The clearest version online appears in the following article

A Young Nationalist in the Easter Rising

The photo appears on a Doyle clan page and was being pushed as authentic via the Facebook page of Stair na hEireann. It also appears in a video clip from the Easter Rising Coach Tour Company :

Doyle Clan page

Stair na hEireann Facebook page

1916 Easter Rising Coach Tour


Mrs Frances Gaze

73year old Frances (Fanny) Gaze apparently died of fright on 24/25th April 1916, caused by a German Zeppelin dropping it's bomb load in North Norfolk after an unsuccessful attempt to find it's target under a thick blanket of fog.

Western Front Association article re Frances Gaze

Submarine E22

Harwich based submarine E22 was sunk by German U-Boat UB18 on the morning of 25th April 1916 off the Suffolk coast.

31 crew appeared to have died as a result of the torpedo fired by UB18. 2 crew were picked up by UB18 (Frederick Buckingham and William Harrod) and taken to Zeebrugge as Prisoners of War.

What makes E22 unusual is that it was a submarine fitted with 2 Sopwith Schneider aircraft for use intercepting Zeppelins. E22 had been in a group of 4 submarines travelling on the surface when attacked by UB18.


The following day, UB18 captured and scuttled the Alfred off the coast of Lowestoft. No casualties were inflicted.

UB18 was herself sunk in December 1917.

HMY Goissa - HMS Invincible

After the German Navy withdrew after the bombardment of Lowestoft and Great Yarmouth, ships of the Royal Navy headed home.

HMY Goissa collided with HMS Invincible on the way back to port.

Goissa appears to have suffered 4 dead (William Grimble, Donald McLeod, James Stewart and William Warne) while Invincible suffered 1 death (John Todd)

HMT King Stephen - Q Ship

The ship HMT King Stephen was captured and sunk by the German Navy torpedo boat SMS G41 on the 24th April 1916. She was working as a Q Ship (hidden armament) to lure U-Boats into action but had the misfortune to steam in the German High Seas Fleet involved in the bombardment of Lowestoft and Great Yarmouth.

Lt Phillips RNR and the rest of the crew were taken prisoner and the boat sunk.



The Germans were interested in the crew of this ship as it had left the crew of the Zeppelin L19 to drown (it had been damaged on an air raid and crashed into the sea and 19 crew were counted as being alive). Phillips had to prove that he and the crew were not the men who abandoned the L19 men to die. Phillips and his men had only recently joined the King Stephen after it had been requisitioned by the Admiralty.


Sunday, 16 March 2014

German Navy - Easter Rising

While the role of the Aud and SM U-19 are generally known about in the context of the Easter Rising, few seem to know about the supporting German Navy/Zeppelin activities and deaths.

Elements of the German Navy (Kaiserliche) and 8 Zeppelins left port on the 24th April 1916. A large group headed towards Lowestoft and Great Yarmouth to bombard the towns (and entice elements of the Royal Navy into battle).

During this operation, the German battleship Seydlitz struck a mine and suffered casualties. Numbers cited are 11 or 12 German sailors dead.

The Royal Navy vessel HMS Conquest suffered 25 dead and 13 wounded. Exact figures yet to be confirmed. The Horus and Alfred were captured by German vessels.  Alfred was sunk on the 25th April 1916. (More research needed here)

In addition, the submarine UB13 of the Flanders Flotilla departed Zeebrugge on the 24th April but also struck a mine. All 17 crew perished.

Scope for more research on this.








Volunteer Edward Merriman

Edward Merriman was employed at St James's Gate, Guinness as a Messenger.

Guinness Employment

In the 1901 census his father is listed as a Brewery Employee. Not sure if this is at Guinness - there doesn't appear to be a record in the Guinness database for the father (but the online Guinness database is not complete)

1901 Census Merriman Family

1911 Census Merriman Family

He didn't turn up for work during the Rising as he was taking part as a Volunteer at the Marrowbone Lane Garrison and his employment was terminated. He was amongst those investigated by William Sheehan on behalf of Guinness.

Listed as Marrinan in the Roll of Honour :

Marrowbone Lane Roll of Honour

There are 2 digital documents available to view re his pension application.

Edward Merriman Pension Application

Edward Merriman died in 1969 and is buried in Mount Jerome.



Keogh Family of Ranelagh



In the 1901 census the family of James Keogh can be seen living in York Road


James 59 with Mary (seocnd wife?) aged 39 and children

Bartholomew
Joseph
John B(aptist)
Francis (Ignatius
Cyril (Aloysius)
Charles L(eo
Gerald A(nthony)
Kathleen
Alice

In the 1911 census, the family are in Elmgrove but no sign of the parents, an older sister is on the scene but the older brothers Bartholomew and Joseph are not there. John Baptist Keogh now appears as the head of family.


At some stage, John Baptist Keogh joined the British Army. Soon after the outbreak of WW1, he is dead


His death so soon after the start of WW1 suggests he had enlisted before the outbreak of war as a regular soldier or had served previously and was a recalled reservist. He entered France 13th August 1914; awarded the 1914 Star, British War Medal and Victory Medal

The youngest boy, Gerald, appears to have joined the Rathfarnham Company of the Irish Volunteers. He was shot and killed in the early hours of the second day of the Easter Rising whilst passing the front of Trinity College, making his way to the GPO with 2 others (so far, the 2 others are unidentified). There is an indication that he was killed by one of the colonial soldiers holed up in Trinity College.

There are currently 2 pensions files online for Gerald with claims from the mother and the 2 younger sisters


Francis, Cyril and Charles also took part in the Easter Rising.

Cyril gets a mention in the witness statement of Kathy's uncle Ned O'Brien working in the US


Charles appears to have become involved in the theatre. A profession that his daughter Finola followed








Saturday, 15 March 2014

Brian Callender

Brian Callender was heavily involved in the Pipe Band of the Fianna in Ireland as wells as a Celtic Society and an acting group.

At some point he decided to enlist in the British Army and died of wounds in France while the Easter Rising was in progress. His Medal Index Card shows he entered France 20th December 1915 and was awarded the 1915 Star, British War Medal and Victory Medal.

War Grave for Brian Callender

During the Rising, his wife attempted to take part as a rebel 

Margaret Keogh/Callender/Quinn Witness Statement

In this witness statement he is listed as M Callender and noted as killed in France 1915

Joseph Reynolds Witness Statement

He appears in other witness statements, sometimes in relation to the work of his wife Margaret Quinn/Callender :

Seamus Cashin Witness Statement

James Kavanagh Witness Statement

Marie O'Brolchain Witness Statement

No mention in his brothers statement (an interesting document in itself)

Ignatius Callender Witness Statement

Pension Application of Ignatius Callender

Another brother, Aloysius Callender, appears to have died while serving with the British Army :

Rifleman Callender

Friday, 14 March 2014

Thursday, 13 March 2014

Darrell Figgis : A Chronicle of Jails

A copy of Darrell Figgis's A Chronicle of Jails is available to view online. Detailing his time in Reading Jail and others, it carries a chapter outlining how he heard about the start of the Easter Rising :

A Chronicle of Jails

Appropriately, Reading University appears to have an original copy

Reading University copy


Darrell Figgis : The Irish Constitution

Darrell Figgis is a name that doesn't crop up in a lot of conversations re Irish independence yet he was heavily involved in the running of arms for the Irish Volunteers in 1914 and in the drawing up of the constitution of the Irish Free State.

He appears to have been at odds with Michael Collins over a number of matters and to have made a number of enemies within the independence movement.

Both he and his wife committed suicide, though at different dates.

Definitely a chap to appear in future blog entries.

He wrote a series of articles re the Irish Constitution which were gathered together into a book which can be viewed online :

The Irish Constitution

Wednesday, 12 March 2014

An t-Oglac - Easter Rising series of articles

Some copies of the Irish Volunteer magazine An t-Oglac are available to view online via the Irish Defence Forces archives website.

No catalogue or search mechanism unfortunately. There are a number of Easter Rising related articles  :

(Click on the date to open the relevant issue of An t-Oglac as a PDF file)

16th January 1926
No 1 : How the Irish Troops took the GPO by W J Brennan Whitmore

23rd January 1926
No 2 : The Defence of the GPO by M J Staines and M W Reilly

30th January 1926
No 3 : The Occupation of the North Earl Street Area by W J Brennan Whitmore

6th February 1926
No 4 : The Defence of the North Earl Street Area by W J Brennan Whitmore

13th February 1926
No 5 : Dublin Castle from the Inside - no author listed

20th February 1926
No 6 : The Citizen Army in 1916 by James J Burke

27th February 1926
No 7 : The Evacuation of the GPO by Charles Steinmayer

6th March 1926
No 8 : The Marrowbone Lane Garrison by Thomas Young

13th March 1926
No 9 : The Hotel Metrople Garrison Part 1 by Charles Saurin

20th March 1926
No 10 : The Hotel Metropole Garrison Part 2 by Charles Saurin

27th March 1926
No 11 : Cumann na mBan in the GPO by Miss M Reynolds

3rd April 1926
No 12 : The Women of Easter Week by Mrs Nora Daly

10th April 1926
No 13 : Occupation of the Ringsend Area Part 1 by George Lyons

17th April 1926
No 14 : Occupation of the Ringsend Area Part 2 by George Lyons

24th April 1926
No 15 : Occupation of the Ringsend Area Part 3 by George Lyons

1st May 1926
No 16 : The Kimmage Garrison by Captain C Turner

8th May 1926
No 17 : The Maynooth Volunteers by Commandant P Colgan

15th May 1926
No 18 : Four Courts and North King St Area in 1916 Part 1 by John J Reynolds

22nd May 1926
No 19 : Four Courts and North King St Area in 1916 Part 2 by John J Reynolds

29th May 1926
No 20 : Four Courts and North King St Area in 1916 Part 3 by John J Reynolds

5th June 1926
No 21 : The Defence of Hopkins and Hopkins by Captain C Turner

12th June 1926
No 22 : The Defence of the South Dublin Union by Major J V Joyce

The series appears to have lost some momentum here :

19th June 1926
No 23 : General Maxwell's Report

26th June 1926
No 24 : Pictorial Edition

3rd July 1926
No 25 : Pictures of Easter Week

10th July 1926
No 26 :Eamonn Ceannt Letter and pictures

31st July 1926
No 27 : The Fight at Ashbourne by Captain Joseph Lawless

and then restarts as a weekly series with chapters from Brennan Whitmore's book :

28th August 1926
No 28 : In Captivity "With the Irish in Frongoch" by W J Brennan Whitmore

4th September 1926
No 29 : In Captivity "With the Irish in Frongoch" by W J Brennan Whitmore

11th September 1926
No 30 : In Captivity "With the Irish in Frongoch" by W J Brennan Whitmore

18th September 1926
No 31 : In Captivity "With the Irish in Frongoch" by W J Brennan Whitmore

25th September 1926
No 32 : In Captivity "With the Irish in Frongoch" by W J Brennan Whitmore

2nd October 1926
No 33 : In Captivity "With the Irish in Frongoch" by W J Brennan Whitmore

9th October 1926
No 34 : In Captivity "With the Irish in Frongoch" by W J Brennan Whitmore"

16th October 1926
No 35 : In Captivity "With the Irish in Frongoch" by W J Brennan Whitmore

23rd October 1926
No 36 : In Captivity "With the Irish in Frongoch" by W J Brennan Whitmore

30th October 1926
No 37 : In Captivity "With the Irish in Frongoch" by W J Brennan Whitmore

6th November 1926
No 38 : In Captivity "With the Irish in Frongoch" by W J Brennan Whitmore

13th November 1926
No 39 : In Captivity "With the Irish in Frongoch" by W J Brennan Whitmore

20th November 1926
No 40 : In Captivity "With the Irish in Frongoch" by W J Brennan Whitmore

27th November 1926
No 41 : In Captivity "With the Irish in Frongoch" by W J Brennan Whitmore

4th December 1926
No 42 : In Captivity "With the Irish in Frongoch" by W J Brennan Whitmore

11th December 1926
No 43 : In Captivity "With the Irish in Frongoch" by W J Brennan Whitmore

18th December 1926
No 44 : In Captivity "With the Irish in Frongoch" by W J Brennan Whitmore

25th December 1926
No 45 : In Captivity "With the Irish in Frongoch" by W J Brennan Whitmore

There doesn't appear to be a copy available between January to August 1927 and the magazine appears to have gone quarterly by October 1927. The October 1927 issue carries part of the oration at the cenotaph to Arthur Griffiths and Michael Collins as well as an article re the writings of Patrick Pearse

October 1927

The March 1931 issue carries an article by Bulmer Hobson re the foundation of the Irish Volunteers :

March 1931





Tuesday, 11 March 2014

Irish Air Corps - Arrival of the Moths

In 1926, 4 De Havilland DH.60 Cirrus Moths joined the Irish Air Corps and were duly numbered 23, 24, 25 and 26. A brief overview of their arrival in Ireland is mentioned in An t-Oglach, July 1926 :

DH60 Moths July 1926


Monday, 10 March 2014

Guinness armoured Lorry

2 views of a slightly different armoured lorry used during the Rising. Page 11 :

April 1926


Margaret Huxley

Margaret Huxley gets a mention in the 1916 Rebellion Handbook as she and her assistants at the Elpis Nursing Home/Private Hospital assisted in helping wounded soldiers and rebels In the Mount Street area to get to Sir Patrick Dun's Hospital.

She appears to have been an veritable powerhouse in developing nursing training in Ireland.

Margaret Huxley

Memorial

Obituary

Irish Nurses Association 1915

Irish Nursing Board 1917

Award 1917

Withdrawal of Award 1917


Thursday, 6 March 2014

London Times 1920

An interesting paragraph in The Paper Wall by Ian Kenneally attributed to the London Times 1920 (I'd like to see the issue to confirm this).

While critical of Sinn Fein and the IRA for their actions, the Times had a few words to say about Government forces after the murders at Croke Park on Bloody Sunday

"...an Army already perilously undisciplined, and a police force avowedly beyond control have defiled, by heinous acts, the reputation of England; while the Government, who are the trustees of that reputation, are not free from suspicion of dishonourable connivance."

The paragraph could equally be applied to the deaths at Bachelors Walk, the murders undertaken during the Easter Rising and activities in Northern Ireland from partition onwards.


Wednesday, 5 March 2014

Auxiliaries and Tans in Killaloe

An interesting account of the pacification work undertaken by Auxiliaries and Blacks and Tans in Killaloe by Mr R C Grey, a retired British civil servant

R C Grey pamphlet

The unit based at Lakeside Hotel (G Company, ADRIC) were involved in a shoot out with off duty members of the Royal Irish Constabulary

Castleconnell Shooting


new Easter Rising material

Always good to see new material coming into view relating to the Easter Rising

The Easter Rising 'diary' of an ex-Judge

Letters of Thomas Ashe (Tomas Aghas)

Eoin MacNeill's countermanding order


Likely to be a lot more coming to light in the run up to the centenary of the Easter Rising and through initiatives such as the Letters of 1916 project


Tuesday, 4 March 2014

Francis Sheehy Skeffington 1915

 Nearly a year before his murder by Captain Bowen Colthurst during the Easter Rising, Francis Sheehy Skeffington was on trial for speaking out against conscription. The following link is to a document outlining his speech made during his trial

Francis Sheehy Skeffington speech June 1915

He rightly points out the hypocrisy surrounding the appointment of law breaker Sir Edward Carson to the British Cabinet.

Roger Casement - 1965

A nice article on the National Archives of Ireland website re the re-burial of Roger Casement

link to article re Roger Casement 1st March 1965


Volunteer Joseph Egan

On the 1916 Letters website there is a letter from the Police in Liverpool to the Commanding Officer of the Irish National Volunteers seeking Joseph Egan for desertion having been served his conscription papers

Letter re Joseph Egan


Joseph Egan appears in the list of volunteers at the Larkfield Garrison in Kimmage in the witness Statement of Seamus Robinson

Seamus Robinson witness statement

Would like to find out what happened to him e.g. did he escape conscription?

1014

A number of activities and events are taking place to celebrate the 1014 Battle of Clontarf and life in Ireland around this era :

Brian Boru Millenium

Clontarf

National Museum of Ireland


The Isle of Man Post has issued a nice set of stamps to commemorate the battle

Isle of Man 1014 stamps


Some interesting work by the Fingal Living History group

Fingal Living History

Monday, 3 March 2014

Brodie Helmet

The helmet first used by the British Army in WW1 became "normal issue" around the Somme battle (1st July 1916) when they were issued en masse to soldiers. They had been trench equipment from late 1915 - as one battalion left the trenches, they left behind the helmets for use by the replacement battalion - rather than personal issue to individual soldiers and would generally only be seen on the front line.

Brodie Helmet - wikipedia article

There are also a number of variations in manufacture that help provide additional dating information for photographs/film clips with British soldier wearing such helmets.

The date is significant for anyone looking at Easter Rising photos. Soldiers involved in the Easter Rising did not have helmets so any photo labelled as Easter Rising that shows a soldier wearing a helmet isn't an Easter Rising photo. If it's a photo in Ireland, then the chances are it's from the War of Independence/Tan War dating from January 1919 onwards. There don't seem to be too many photos of British soldiers in Ireland in the period after the Easter Rising and before the War of Independence.

Two photos on the following Easter Rising resource gallery show British soldiers in helmets and are not Easter Rising photos

http://www.easter1916.ie/index.php/gallery/

(thankfully the photos that were labelled as British Army veterans watching/firing on republican/rebel forces are now correctly labelled as Irish Citizen Army).



1915 Brodie had a shallow brim, a raw rim, small loops for a 2 piece leather chin strap

1916 Brodies (Mk I) had a different angle on the slope of the helmet and had a rim around the outer edge of the helmet. This pattern was introduced in April 1916.


Roger Casement resources

A nice collection of resources relating to Roger Casement :

link to Roger Casement resources


Irish Volunteer Uniform Jacket

A nice blog entry from The Cricket Bat That Died for Ireland re an Irish Volunteer uniform jacket left behind at Jacob's after the Easter Rising had been put down :

Irish Volunteer Jacket


Irish Air Corps

Emmet Dalton's witness statement gives a bit of a background to the acquisition of a Martynside, the first Irish Air Corps aircraft

Emmet Dalton witness statement

A list of Irish Air Corps aircraft with serial numbers, aircraft type, date of entering service can be found at :

Irish Aircraft list

A useful document with background information re many of the Irish Air Corps aircraft can be found at the following link :

Aircraft background information

The British Pathe site has a number of film clips relating to the Irish Air Corps and aviation in Ireland. The site has a workspace feature to bring related film clips together and I've tried to put the Irish aviation film clips in a workspace :

Irish Aviation workspace

Sunday, 2 March 2014

Dublin Battlefield Tours

If you're interested in the Easter Rising and planning to go to Dublin, Paul O'Brien's tours should be on your list of things to do

http://www.dublinbattlefieldtours.ie/



Saturday, 1 March 2014

Easter Rising Festival

Looks like there might be an Easter Rising Festival in Dublin this year. Excellent idea. Saturday 26th April 2014, 11:30am to 5pm

Information from Facebook page :

https://www.facebook.com/1916festival

Twitter address @1916Festival